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四川铜币精品赏析

【藏品名称】:四川铜币

[collection name]: Sichuan copper coins

【藏品类别】:钱币

[collection type]: Coins

【藏品简介】:四川铜币在清末初铸时,质量较好,一般都是用紫铜。每枚铜元的含铜量均在96%--97%左右。民国以后,成、渝两地铸造的铜元。因当事者贪图重利。搀入白铅较多,除老一百、老二百两种为紫铜外,其余均是白黄色的白铅。故铜质不如清末所铸之纯,但官方要求是成色96%以上。由于四川省内军阀混乱,有些军阀用铜日杂,使成色方面连95%也难以达到。

[introduction to the collection]: when Sichuan copper coins were cast in the late Qing Dynasty, they were of good quality. They are usually made of red copper. The copper content of each copper coin is about 96% - 97%. After the Republic of China, copper coins were cast in Chengdu and Chongqing. Because the parties are greedy for heavy profits. There is more white lead mixed in. Except that the old 100 and the old 200 are red copper, the rest are white yellow white lead. Therefore, the copper quality is not as pure as that cast in the late Qing Dynasty, but the official requirement is that the fineness is more than 96%. Due to the chaos of warlords in Sichuan Province, some warlords use copper daily, which makes it difficult to achieve even 95% in terms of quality.

 

军政府造四川铜币”是辛亥革命时期的产物。1911年12月发生“成都兵变”,以尹昌衡、罗纶为正副都督的四川军政府取代了成立仅12天的大汉四川军政府。新的四川军政府成立之初即面临着需用日繁、度支日绌的财政困窘局面。军政府迅速接管了四川成都造币厂,决定铸造“四川铜币”以应急。民国元年(1912年)4月,四川成都造币厂奉四川军政府之命,开模铸造“军政府造四川铜币”(也称“汉”字铜元)。在推翻封建王朝建立民国的过程中,军政府曾发挥过重要作用(虽然后来演变成军阀混战)。军政府作为非常时期的区域性临时政府,曾发行过货币,如湖北军政府和四川军政府,都发行过铜币。只有四川军政府发行过银元。这些货币,开始是为了筹措军饷,维持政府开支,以后也成为区域性的货币。所以军政府货币具有军用货币和民用货币的双重职能。

The "Sichuan copper coin" made by the military government was a product of the 1911 Revolution. The "Chengdu mutiny" took place in December 1911, and the Sichuan military government with Yin Changheng and Luo Lun as the chief and deputy governors replaced the Han Sichuan military government, which was established only 12 days ago. At the beginning of the establishment of the new Sichuan military government, it was faced with the financial dilemma of increasing demand and spending. The military government quickly took over the Chengdu Mint in Sichuan and decided to MINT "Sichuan copper coins" in case of emergency. In April of the first year of the Republic of China (1912), Sichuan Chengdu Mint was ordered by the Sichuan military government to open mold and cast "Sichuan copper coins made by the military government" (also known as "Han" copper coins). In the process of overthrowing the feudal dynasty and establishing the Republic of China, the military government played an important role (although it later evolved into a warlord scuffle). As a regional interim government in an extraordinary period, the military government has issued coins, such as Hubei military government and Sichuan military government. Only the Sichuan military government issued silver dollars. At first, these currencies were used to raise military salaries and maintain government expenditure. Later, they also became regional currencies. Therefore, the military government currency has the dual functions of military currency and civil currency.

四川军政府发行的货币,目的在于筹措军饷,维持政府开支,同时也是满足保路运动的需要,所以“汉”字铜币具有军用货币和民用货币的属性。后期川中各路军阀铸造众多铜币,流通周期也相对较长,再加上换模修版等原故,导致版别极其复杂。中国是最后一个结束银本位币制的国家,军政府“汉”字大铜币,在历史和军事上都有详细记载,有着更深层次的意义,随着时代的变迁,最终会称为稀有文物的收藏品。一般的四川铜币价格都是在十几万到几十万不等,存世量少的,能达到百万。

The currency issued by the Sichuan military government aims to raise military pay and maintain government expenditure. At the same time, it is also to meet the needs of the road protection movement. Therefore, the "Han" copper coin has the attributes of military currency and civil currency. In the later period, various warlords in Central Sichuan forged a large number of copper coins, and the circulation cycle was relatively long. In addition, due to the change of mold and revision of edition, the edition was extremely complex. China is the last country to end the silver standard currency system. The military government's "Han" large copper coins have detailed records in history and military, and have deeper significance. With the changes of the times, they will eventually be called collections of rare cultural relics. Generally, the price of Sichuan copper coins ranges from more than 100000 to hundreds of thousands. Those with small amount can reach one million.

 

辛亥革命以后,四川大汉军政府于1912年4月废止大清铜币模板,改铸"汉"字铜元,有当10文、20文、50文三种面额。1913年,增铸当100文、200文的铜币。 “四川军政府造铜元”收藏价值难以估量,是古玩收藏市场的“偏门”,如今“四川军政府造铜元”收藏市场很火热。与孙小头和袁大头这些银币比起来,军政府造四川银币流通范围较窄,发行量与存世量都相对来说比较少。也是由于这个原因,导致四川银元的研究价值和市场价值都变得异常之高,俗话说:“物以稀为贵”,由于该钱币作为特殊历史时期、地方政权的特殊货币,具有不可替代的文物价值等特点,从收藏与投资角度来说乃非常珍贵!

After the revolution of 1911, the military government of the Han Dynasty in Sichuan abolished the copper coin template of the Qing Dynasty in April 1912 and coined "Han" copper coins with three denominations of Dang 10, 20 and 50. In 1913, copper coins of 100 Wen and 200 Wen were added. The collection value of "Sichuan military government made copper yuan" is difficult to estimate, and it is the "side door" of the antique collection market. Now the collection market of "Sichuan military government made copper yuan" is very hot. Compared with the silver coins of sun xiaotou and Yuan Datou, the circulation range of Sichuan silver coins made by the military government is narrow, and the circulation and survival volume are relatively small. It is also for this reason that the research value and market value of Sichuan silver dollar have become abnormally high. As the saying goes, "rare things are precious". As a special currency of special historical period and local political power, the coin has irreplaceable cultural relics value and other characteristics, which is very precious from the perspective of collection and investment!